With state and federal governments increasing their focus on PFAS regulations, public water systems, including investor-owned utilities, will need to make significant investments to meet existing and impending standards. Bluefield estimates total annual expenditure for PFAS treatment systems across the U.S. to grow from US$335.0 million in 2022 to US$1.1 billion in 2030.
Currently, seven U.S. states have established Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) for PFAS in public drinking water systems, while five other states are in the process of developing enforceable limits. Additionally, numerous states have launched policies that span from testing requirements to packaging bans to non-binding recommendations for utilities.
In this Research Note:
- Key states addressing PFAS emerge on IOU radar
- PFAS regulations present double-edged opportunity for IOUs
- IOUs pursue diversified strategies as PFAS landscape evolves